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Dyspraxia (DCD)

Diagnosis of dyspraxia

Diagnosis of dyspraxia – or DCD – is usually given by a doctor, a clinical psychologist, physiotherapist or occupational therapist.

Controlled voluntary movement involves many systems, but three main areas are implicated in dyspraxia:
The sensory pathways
The motor system
The central nervous system as a whole
Any one of these areas may be responsible for the presenting dyspraxia symptoms. Identification of the main area at fault is therefore very important if the most effective form of treatment or training is to be given.

Dyspraxia Treatment / Training

A child who has poor sensory awareness will respond well to a remedial approach, which concentrates on training each of the senses to relay information more effectively. This may be done through stimulation of one of the senses e.g. tactile stimulation or auditory training for a child who is hyper- or hypo-sensitive in these areas. Movement programmes are also designed to improve sensory integration.
If a cluster of abnormal primitive and postural reflexes is present, it will interfere with the development of control of balance and motor skills. A reflex stimulation and inhibition programme can help to provide a solid foundation for the improvement of motor skills, and thereby improve balance, coordination and confidence.